Current Affairs of 2nd December 2019

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Parliament passes Prohibition of Electronic Cigarettes Bill, 2019

Parliament has passed the Prohibition of Electronic Cigarettes Bill, 2019, with the Rajya Sabha approving it today after an elaborate discussion.

The Prohibition of the Electronic Cigarettes Bill, 2019 bans production, import, export, transport, sale, distribution, storage and advertisements of e-cigarettes with stringent punishments for any violation. It replaces the ordinance promulgated on the 18th of September this year.


Nationwide vaccination drive launched to prevent eight diseases under Mission Indradhanush 2.0

Center is launching a nationwide vaccination drive to prevent eight diseases under Intensified Mission Indradhanush 2.0 across the country today.

The government’s flagship scheme is aimed at immunizing children under the age of 2 years and pregnant women against eight vaccine-preventable diseases. The IMI covers vaccines for diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, poliomyelitis, tuberculosis, measles, meningitis and Hepatitis B.

Vaccines for Japanese encephalitis and Hemophilus influenza are also being provided in selected areas. The IMI 2.0 aims to achieve targets of full immunization coverage in 272 districts spread over 27 States. The IMI 2.0 will be carried out between December 2019 and March 2020.


Gurpreet Singh, Sunil Kumar clinch gold medals in Senior National Championship

In wrestling, Asian Championships silver medallists Gurpreet Singh and Sunil Kumar clinched gold medals on the final day of the senior national championships in Jalandhar.

Gurpreet defeated two-time world junior championships medallist Sajan Bhanwal, who was representing the Railways, by a 3-1 margin, in the 77-kilogram category. This was Punjab grappler’s fourth senior national title.

Sunil also managed an easy win over Punjab’s Prabhal. The Railway’s grappler used all his experience to crush the Punjab wrestler 5-1 in the 87 kg final.


Saudi Arabia takes over G20 Presidency from Japan

Saudi Arabia has taken over the G20 Presidency from Japan. It is the first Arab nation to assume the G20 presidency.

The kingdom of Saudi Arabia assumes the G20 Presidency, leading up to the summit in Riyadh in 2020.

The G20 presidency, which Saudi Arabia has taken over from Japan, will host world leaders for a global summit in its capital on 21-22 November in 2020.


25th UN Climate Change Conference – December 2019 to be held in Spain

The United Nations Climate Change Conferences are yearly conferences held in the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). They serve as the formal meeting of the UNFCCC Parties (Conference of the Parties, COP) to assess progress in dealing with climate change, and beginning in the mid-1990s, to negotiate the Kyoto Protocol to establish legally binding obligations for developed countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.

The first UN Climate Change Conference was held in 1995 in Berlin.

The last 24th UN Climate Change Conference was held in 2018 in Katowice, Poland.

COP 25 was then planned to take place in Parque Bicentenario Cerrillos in Santiago de Chile, Chile from 2 to 13 December with a pre-sessional period from 26 November to 1 December 2019.

However, following the 2019 Chilean protests, Chilean President Sebastián Piñera announced Chile’s withdrawal from hosting the summit in late October 2019. Then Spain offered and was appointed, as the new host for COP 25.


Priyam Garg to lead India at ICC U-19 World Cup 2020

Uttar Pradesh batsman Priyam Garg will lead defending champions India in next year’s Under-19 ICC Cricket World Cup to be held in South Africa.


Nuclear-Capable Agni-III Missile Fails in Maiden Night Trial

Manufacturing defect has once against hitting Agni series of the missile as the first night trial of long-range nuclear-capable ballistic missile Agni-III from a defence base off Odisha coast ended in ‘failure’ on Saturday.

The Made-in-India surface-to-surface missile carrying a dummy payload blasted off from an auto-launcher at Abdul Kalam Island in full operational configuration at about 7.15 pm. This was the third night trial of an Indian missile in the last fortnight.


2nd December: National Pollution Prevention Day

National Pollution Prevention Day is observed on 2nd December in India. This day is observed in the memory of people who lost their lives in Bhopal gas calamity. Bhopal gas tragedy occurred in the year 1984 on the night of 2–3 December. Many people died due to poisonous gas Methyl Isocyanate also known as MIC. Bhopal Gas Tragedy is considered as one of the biggest industrial pollution disasters.

Objectives of the day:

  • To spread awareness of managing and controlling industrial disasters
  • To prevent the pollution produced by industrial processes or human negligence
  • To make people and industries aware of the importance of pollution control acts

Bhopal Gas TragedyBhopal gas tragedy, was a gas leak incident on the night of 2–3 December 1984 at the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) pesticide plant in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India. It is considered to be the world’s worst industrial disaster. Over 500,000 people were exposed to methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas.  Nearly 3,787 people died in the accident.


India, Sweden ink 3 pacts for cooperation in polar science, maritime spheres

India and Sweden on Monday signed three Memoranda of Understanding (MoU) and agreements for cooperation in the fields of polar science and maritime sphere following talks between Swedish KingCarl XVI Gustaf Folke Hubertus and PresidentRam Nath Kovind.


2 December: International Day for the Abolition of Slavery

The International Day for the Abolition of Slavery international day is a yearly event on December 2, organized since 1986 by the United Nations General Assembly.

The Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on December 2, 1949. Besides, by resolution 57/195 of 18 December 2002, the Assembly proclaimed 2004 the International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition.

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