Current Affairs of 23rd December 2019

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Major Anoop Mishra Receives Army Design Bureau Excellence Award for Developing bulletproof jacket ‘Sarvatra’

Major Anoop Mishra Receives Army Design Bureau Excellence Award for Developing bulletproof jacket ‘Sarvatra’

Indian Army officer Major Anoop Mishra has developed a bulletproof jacket named ‘Sarvatra’ that can effectively provide protection to troops from lethal sniper rifle bullets.

The officer was awarded the Army Design Bureau Excellence Award by Army Chief General Bipin Rawat for indigenously developing a bullet-proof jacket. As per Major Anoop Mishra, Sarvatra is level 4 bulletproof jacket, developed at the college of military engineering in Pune and can provide full-body protection against sniper rifle bullets.


Senior diplomat Harsh Vardhan Shringla appointed new foreign secretary

Senior diplomat Harsh Vardhan Shringla appointed new foreign secretary

The government on 23rd December 2019 approved the appointment of Indian ambassador to the United States Harsh Vardhan Shringla as the next foreign secretary. He has replaced Vijay Gokhale. The Appointments Committee of the cabinet officially announced Shringla’s appointment on 23rd December 2019, making him the 33rd foreign secretary of the country. Harsh Vardhan Shringla will take over next month after the completion of Vijay Gokhale’s two-year term on January 28, 2020.

A 1984-batch Indian Foreign Service (IFS) officer and a fluent French speaker, Harsh Vardhan Shringla served as an ambassador to Bangkok from 2014 to 2016 and later as a High Commissioner to Dhaka for two years. He served in the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) as Joint Secretary for Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, and the Maldives and therefore understands the neighborhood well.


Indian Railways to modernize its Signalling system

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Indian Railways has decided to modernize its Signaling system on its entire network by implementing the Modern Train Control system. Ministry of Railways said, this is one of the most ambitious modernization projects which envisage up-gradation of a signaling system for improving safety, Line Capacity and to run trains at a higher speed.

The Ministry said, four works of the total 640-kilometer route at a cost of Rs.1810 crore rupees have been sanctioned as pilot projects in Supplementary Works Programmes 2018-19 for extensive trials of Modern Train Control System.

The work of Modernization of Signalling system has been included in Works Programme 2018-19 at a cost of around 78 thousand crore rupees. The work includes revision of the Automatic Train Protection System, Electronic Interlocking System, and Remote Diagnostic and Predictive Maintenance System. In connection with works of raising the speed up to 160 kmph to reduce travel time from existing 18 hours to 12 hours, the Modern Train Control system shall be implemented on Delhi – Mumbai and Delhi – Howrah High-Density routes.


23rd December: National Farmers Day

Kisan Diwas or National Farmers Day is observed on December 23 across the country. The day was chosen to honour the birth anniversary of the 5th Prime Minister of India, Choudhary Charan Singh. It was in the year 2001, the Government of India decided to observe December 23 every year as Kisan Diwas.

Significance of the Day
Farmers are considered to be the backbone of India’s economic development. Kisan Diwas is being celebrated every year to promote awareness among people about the importance of the farmers to the society and overall economic and social development of the country.

About Choudhary Charan Singh
Chaudhary Charan was born on December 23, 1902. He entered into politics during the Independence Movement motivated by Gandhiji and he served as a member of the Legislative Assembly of the United Provinces elected in 1937. Mr. Choudhary was responsible for several land reforms in the state of Uttar Pradesh. He also worked hard to pass the “Zamindari Abolition bill, 1952”.

The Prime Minister of India from July 1979 to January 1980, Chaudhary Charan Singh introduced a slew of policies to improve the lives and conditions of farmers in the country. He also played a leading role in the agricultural sector of the country by introducing bills for farmers’ reforms. He has written several books like India’s Poverty, Abolition of Zamindari and Legend Proprietorship.

The NABARD-National Bank of Agriculture and Rural Development was established during his reign. He died in 1987. His memorial in New Delhi is named Kisan Ghat.


Oxygen Parlour Opens At Nashik Railway Station

In a unique move to combat the rising air pollution, and Oxygen Parlour has been opened at Nashik railway station to provide an experience of breathing clean air to the commuters.

It has been set up by Indian Railways in collaboration with Airo Guard. The co-founder of Airo Guard, Amit Amritkar said that the concept of Oxygen Parlour is based on the recommendation of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

In1989, NASA had conducted a study in which they identified some plants that better absorb the five most harmful pollutants from the air. We have planted most of those plants.


DNA Forensic Centre inaugurated at Central Forensic Science Laboratory (CFSL) in Chandigarh

A state-of-the-art DNA Analysis Centre was inaugurated at Central Forensic Science Laboratory, Chandigarh by the Minister of State for Home Affairs, Nityanand Rai.

This new advanced forensic DNA Analysis Lab has been set up under the Nirbhaya Fund scheme, with an allocation of Rs 99.76 crores. This Centre will provide State-of-the-art facility for sexual assault and homicide unit, paternity unit, human identification unit and mitochondrial DNA unit.

The DNA Analysis has become critical in ensuring timeliness and efficiency in completion of criminal investigation as well as better convictions. Forensic DNA Profiling is a very sensitive and reproducible technique that has become one of the most valuable tools in modern criminal investigation such as human identification in mass disasters, paternity and maternity disputes, identification of victim and suspect in rape and murder cases, child swapping in hospitals, identification of deceased, organ transplantation and immigration.


Swachh Bharat Mission achieves its urban target

On December 23, 2019, Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs announced that urban areas of 35 states have been declared Open Defecation Free.

With Star Rating Protocol the ministry streamlines solid waste management in cities. The rural areas of India were declared Open Defecation Free on October 2, 2019.

About Swachh Bharat Mission Swachh Bharat Mission is a massive mass movement that seeks to create a Clean India by 2019. The father of our nation Mr Mahatma Gandhi always puts the emphasis on swachhta as swachhta leads to a healthy and prosperous life. The Indian government has decided to launch the Swachh Bharat Mission on October 2, 2014. The mission will cover all rural and urban areas. The urban component of the mission will be implemented by the Ministry of Urban Development, and the rural component by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.


India test fires Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile System (QRSAM)

Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile System (QRSAM) developed by DRDO has been successfully tested on 23rd December 2019 from Integrated Test Range in Odisha’s Chandipur.

The missile was flight-tested with the full configuration in deployment mode intercepting the target in mid-air and meeting mission objectives. The entire event was monitored by Ground Telemetry Systems, Range Radar Systems, Electro-Optical Tracking System, etc.

QRSAM weapon system, which operates on the move, comprises of fully automated Command and Control System, Active Array Battery Surveillance Radar, Active Array Battery Multifunction Radar and Launcher. Both radars are four-walled having 360-degree coverage with a search on move and track on move capability. The system is compact with a minimum number of vehicles for a firing unit. The single-stage solid propelled missile has mid-course inertial navigation system with two-way data link and terminal active seeker developed by DRDO.

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