Current Affairs of 12th December 2019

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Citizenship Bill 2019 becomes law with President Ram Nath Kovind’s assent

The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019, became an Act of law after President Ram Nath Kovind gave his assent to the legislation on 12th Dec 2109.

Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019

The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 is an Act of the Parliament of India amending the Citizenship Act of 1955 to give a path to Indian citizenship to illegal migrants who are Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan, who entered India on or before 31 December 2014.

The Union Cabinet cleared the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019 on 4 December 2019. It was passed by the Lok Sabha on 10 December 2019 and, subsequently, in the Rajya Sabha on 11 December 2019.

The Act says the refugees of the six communities will be given Indian citizenship after residing in India for five years, instead of earlier requirement of 11 years.

According to the legislation, it will not be applicable to the tribal areas of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Tripura as included in the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution and in the areas covered under the Inner Line Permit (ILP), notified under the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873.

Key Features:

Citation Act No. 47 of 2019
Enacted by Lok Sabha
Passed 10 December 2019
Enacted by Rajya Sabha
Passed 11 December 2019
Signed 12 December 2019
Signed by Ram Nath Kovind
President of India

Indian embassy, INTACH to rebuild 11 heritage sites damaged in Nepal quake

The Indian embassy has inked an agreement with a New Delhi-based non-profit charitable organization, Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH) to rebuild 11 cultural heritage sites damaged in devastating earthquakes in and around the Kathmandu Valley.

The agreement was signed by Ajay Kumar, deputy chief of mission Embassy of India in Kathmandu on behalf of the government of India, and C T Mishra, Member Secretary Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH).

INTACH is one of the world’s largest heritage organizations with over 190 chapters across India. It was awarded with a special consultative status for United Nations Economic and Social Council in 2007.

IAF Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman is the most searched personalities on Google in India

Mathematician Anand Kumar is the fourth most searched personality in the country this year. He hit the headlines this year for his biopic Super 30, which starred Bollywood actor Hrithik Roshan in the lead role. Kumar trended the most in July, which was the month his biopic released. The film collected over Rs 100 crore this year.

Google has released its Year in Search 2019, which gives a list of the top 10 most searched personalities in the country. The most searched Indians are IAF Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman, legendary singer Lata Mangeshkar and former cricket all-rounder, Yuvraj Singh. Meanwhile, the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) was among the top searches of Indians in 2019.

NEET was ranked as the seventh top searched topic in Goggle this year, while the top five slots were booked by India versus South Africa, Cameron Boyce, Copa Aerica, Bangladesh versus India and iPhone 11.

Isro’s PSLV successfully places RISAT-2BR1, 9 foreign satellites in orbit

Description: Image result for PSLV successfully places RISAT-2BR1

India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, which was in its 50th mission (PSLV-C48), successfully placed India’s latest spy satellite RISAT-2BR1 and nine other foreign satellites in their designated Orbits.

The rocket blasted off at 15:25 hrs. IST (3:25 pm) from the First Launch Pad at Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR, Sriharikota, on Wednesday. The rocket PSLV is a QL variant and this is its second flight.

The main payload, the 628-kg RISAT-2BR1, is a radar-imaging earth observation satellite developed by ISRO. It has a life of five years. While ISRO maintains that it will help agriculture, forestry and in disaster management support, experts said RISAT-2BR1 is the second satellite in the RISAT-2B series and, along with the CARTOSAT-3, is part of an informal group of ‘spy’ satellites that will boost the Indian military’s surveillance of the Earth from space.

Central Sanskrit Universities Bill 2019 passed by Lok Sabha

The Central Sanskrit Universities Bill, 2019 has been passed in the Lok Sabha today which is aimed at giving the three deemed Sanskrit Universities the full-fledged Central Universities status.

The three deemed universities are: Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan and Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth in New Delhi, and the Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth in Tirupati.

Tara Sinha, doyen of Indian advertisement world passed away

Description: Image result for Tara Sinha

Tara Sinha, best known as the founder of ad agencies Clarion and Tara Sinha Associates, passed away on Wednesday at her Gurugram residence. She was 88.

Sinha, who had both agency and client experience having worked at Coca-Cola in the 1970s and early 1980s, was the first woman to set up a national advertising agency. While Tara Sinha Associates was launched in 1985, Clarion was launched way back in 1955 at the start of her career.

ADB trims India’s FY20 growth forecast to 5.1%

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) on Wednesday trimmed its forecast for India’s economic growth in 2019-20 to 5.1% saying consumption was affected by slow job growth and rural distress aggravated by a poor harvest.

In September, ADB forecast India’s GDP to grow 6.5 percent in 2019-20 and 7.2 percent in the year thereafter.

“India’s growth is now seen at a slower 5.1 percent in the fiscal year 2019-20 as the foundering of a major non-banking financial company in 2018 led to a rise in risk aversion in the financial sector and a credit crunch. ADB said growth should pick up to 6.5 percent in the next fiscal year with supportive policies.

6th Indian Ocean Dialogue, Delhi Dialogue XI will be held in New Delhi

External Affairs Ministry will host the 6th Indian Ocean Dialogue and Delhi Dialogue XI at the Pravasi Bharatiya Kendra in New Delhi on 13th and 14th December 2019.
For the first time, this two Track 1.5 dialogues will be held consecutively and on similar Indo-Pacific themes.

The Indian Ocean Dialogue will take place on 13th December and the theme is “Indo-Pacific: Re-imagining the Indian Ocean through an Expanded Geography”. Delhi Dialogue XI will start on the evening of the 13th and will run through the next day.
The theme for this year’s Delhi Dialogue is”Advancing Partnership in Indo-Pacific”, and is being organized with the assistance of the Research and Information System for Developing Countries.

Rajya Sabha passes International Financial Services Centres Authority Bill, 2019

The Rajya Sabha on Thursday passed the International Financial Services Centres (IFSCs) Authority Bill, 2019 towards setting up a unified authority to regulate all financial services in IFSCs in the country.

An IFSC caters to customers outside the jurisdiction of the domestic economy. Such centres deal with flows of finance, financial products and services across borders. London, New York and Singapore can be counted as global financial centres. The first IFSC in India has been set up at GIFT City in Gujarat’s Gandhinagar. IFSCs can be set up in an SEZ or as an SEZ after approval from the Centre.

The Lok Sabha passed Bill on Wednesday and will become a law after the President’s assent.

IFSCs would also provide Indian companies easier access to global financial markets and also enable the development of financial markets in India. According to the Bill, the authority comprise a chairperson, and one member each nominated by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), the Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI), the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) and the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority(PFRDA). There will also be two members of the central government and full-time or part-time members.

73 Countries join Climate Ambition Alliance at COP25

  • Around 73 countries have joined the Climate Ambition Alliance (CAA) at the COP25.
  • Both Chile and the UK will work together to mobilize additional actors to join the alliance.
  • The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in its Emissions Gap Report, 2019 warned that in order to achieve the goal of 1.5°C increase in temperatures over pre-industrial levels, it is essential to reduce the emissions by 7.6% between 2020 and 2030.

About COP25

The 2019 United Nations Climate Change Conference, also known as COP25, is the 25th United Nations Climate Change Conference. It is being held in Madrid, Spain, from 2 to 13 December 2019 under the presidency of the Chilean government. The conference incorporates the 25th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the 15th meeting of the parties for the Kyoto Protocol (CMP15), and the second meeting of the parties for the Paris Agreement (CMA2).

Parliament passes bill to extend SC-ST quota

Parliament has passed the Constitution (126th Amendment) Bill 2019 with Rajya Sabha approving it today.

The Upper House cleared the bill unanimously as all 163 present members voted in favour of the Bill. The Bill has already been passed by the Lok Sabha. The Bill seeks to extend the reservation for SCs and STs in Lok Sabha and State Assemblies by another ten years till January 25, 2030.

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